Scientists Discover to Measure Moon’s Internal Temperature

Scientists Discover to Measure Moon’s Internal Temperature

Moon is earth’s natural satellite and still a very little is known about it. Ananya Mallik has found a way to measure earth’s internal temperature.

We know a lot about the earth’s core through drilling operations and research into seismic waves. It is known that the core is made up of iron and its outermost part is approximately 3,000 km below our feet.

After so many years of research, very little is known about life on the moon. But recently, scientists have found very shocking facts about the moon. However, in a very literal sense, scientists have barely scratched the surface of the moon. While the moon is fairly close in the grand scheme of things, it’s not quite close enough to conduct very intense studies into its composition.

Humans haven’t walked on the moon since Eugine Cernan and Harrison Schmitt in December 1972. As a result, no one knows for certain what the moon’s core is made of. Many speculate that like with earth, an iron core is most probable, but there is very little evidence proving that. One intriguing hypothesis is that the moon’s core is home to precious metals such as gold or platinum.

However, in recent research conducted at the University of Rhode Island, a scientist discovered a way to measure moon’s internal temperature which turned out to be somewhere in the region of 1300 – 1470 degree Celsius. On the other hand, the outside temperature of the moon stays around -20 degree Celsius at all times.

To determine the temperature, a temperature profile of the moon is created. The outer surface and the mantle of the moon are used as anchor points to create this profile. The temperature profile thus created is very helpful in determining the internal temperature, state, and composition of the moon.

Just like the earth, the mantle of the moon has molten iron. The name of the scientist that carried out this experiment is Ananya Malik. She used a multi-anvil device on a replica sample of moon’s material to replicate the pressure inside the mantle of the moon. The multi-anvil device is capable of exerting 45,000 times the atmospheric pressure of earth on the sample. Simultaneously, a graphite heater was used to further increase the temperature until the sample reached a semi-molten state.

This enabled the scientist to get an estimation of the temperature inside the moon and on its surface. This discovery has huge implications as it would allow the scientists to dive deep into the composition of the moon’s mantle.

It is very important to understand the composition of the moon to have a clear understanding of life on earth. Ananya’s next mission is to determine the density of the materials that make up the moon’s core. For this, she has teamed up with Heidi Fuqua Haviland and Paul Bremner. Using the temperature profile and all the results combined with future experiments is sure to give us a comprehensive statement of temperature and composition at the moon’s core.

Sachin Sharma

Contributing Editor at Wimoxez. I am a passionate Technology and very ambitious towards my career. Writing is not my job I enjoy it from the heart.

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